Types of Grapes in Ontario

With various types of grapes to make some batch of wine, Ontario has several choices of flavours with a variety of character and historic validity. The quality of wine grapes depends on soil, geography, and microclimate. In addition to the said factors, the wine making process also contribute to the quality and taste. The grape itself and the vines themselves play an important role in ensuring good wine production. In Ontario, Canada, there are more than 40 different kinds of wine grapes.

ontario grapes

Here are a few of them.

  1. Vidal

It is widely grown in Ontario, and it has various uses as a fine selection for table wines. It takes a longer time before harvesting, usually in mid October or early November. Its clusters are bigger, with medium sized berries and conical shape. It produces more berries, which are thick with ideal hanging bunches. Its flavour is relatively neutral, with some acidic taste, making it a perfect cultivar for wine production.

  1. Seyval Blanc

This type was first grown in Ontario in 1950s, and it is one of the white hybrids with medium sized grapes that possess a bronze colour when ripe. The berries usually ripen on September, and show shiny leaves which normally curl upwards.

  1. Baco Noir

The plant was initially introduced in the Ontario spring by Baco Noir in 1902. However, it is prone to spring frost effects on the buds, though it grows fast and produces a sprawling canopy. The clusters are cylindrical with small berries, and some juice pigments appearing on them. It can grow on wide range of soils, and produces a high number of fruits. It ripens in September.

  1. Chambourcin

The vine is at its early stages since it started being grown in Ontario. It has cylindrical and loose clusters, while berries are usually blue in colour. The fruits are medium sized, with neutral flavour juice. Its cylindrical cluster shape helps in preventing fruit rot, though the crop itself can grow excessively if not well monitored. It ripens late in October or early November, depending on where it is grown.

  1. Marechal Foch

This is popular known as the ‘early ripening grape’, which matures as early as August or September. Its berries are small, and contained in a cylindrical shaped bunch. The juice has some pigmentation, with visible herbaceous flavours.

  1. Auxerois

This wine grape crop was recently included into Ontario grape wine production, and it has receiving warm welcome among wine consumers. It grows moderately with medium sized berries and clusters with conical shapes. Its juice has a neutral taste, and usually harvested in September.

  1. Chardonnay

This is the most widely grown cultivar in entire Ontario. It has an upright growth tendency and displays high vigour, based on the location it is planted. The berries are round in shape with a golden colour when ripe. It usually matures in September.

  1. Pinot Gris

Also known as ‘grey pinot’, it is differentiated by its characteristic fruit colour. The berries are small and rounded in shape, with reddish colour on the skin. Sometimes, the berries might have some part of greenish and reddish colour on the cluster. The clusters are cylindrical, and some shaded canopy. It ripens in late September.

  1. Riesling

This is a white cultivar, and one of the old grape wine plants in Ontario. It is an adaptable type of grape crop, which is harvested severally for different kinds of table wines. It has medium sized clusters, with round berries that are green in colour. Depending on which type of wine required, it can be harvested either late in September or mid-October. For ice-wine production, the grapes are harvested in January.

There are many kinds of grape wine plants grown in Ontario, but the above nine (9) types are the most common for table wine production in 0ntario, Canada.

Commercial Usage Of Wine Coolers

For a restaurateur, buying a wine cooler for their establishment requires serious number crunching. It can be a serious investment that has to have compelling reasons to get decent return of investment. After all, restaurants have refrigerators and will have plenty of shelf space for a couple of bottles, right? Wrong.wine-cellars

What is a wine cooler?

A wine cooler is a special type of refrigerator that keeps wine at its optimal temperature storage. Compared to the usual refrigerators in a typical dining establishment, wine coolers can keep tabs on temperature, surrounding light, humidity, and even the slight vibrations that can drastically affect the quality of wine before it is served to their clients.

Features of a commercial wine cooler

built-in-wine-coolersA wine cooler’s most important feature is its thermostat. An ordinary refrigerator maintains a 4’C all throughout while wine coolers keep it at a range of 12’C to 14’C, the optimal temperature range for long-term storage of wines. Aside from wines, all the other items that can be stored in the refrigerator should not be placed here because the temperature is not low enough to keep food products from spoiling. Expensive models have multiple zones that allow short-term storage at a much lower temperature.

Another basic attribute of wine coolers is its humidity settings. Humidity can affect the corks used for sealing the wine bottles. Go too low and the corks will dry out, shrink, and allow air into the bottles which can compromise the wine’s quality. Extreme humidity can encourage mould growth and damage the wine labels. The environmental humidity that should surround wine must be about 50% to 80%. Most wine coolers keep it safe to just 50%.

Unlike industrial refrigerators and walk-in freezers, wine coolers will have dark interiors and tinted glass to lessen the amount of light that comes into contact with wine bottles. Ultraviolet rays can cause chemical reactions with the flavor and aroma compounds of the wine. Modern units have glass doors that allow sommeliers to check stocks without opening the wine cooler.

High-end models of wine coolers have insulation and exceptional built to lower the amount of vibrations that wine will be exposed to. It’s not a major factor in affecting wine’s taste but some wine stewards may insist on getting the perfect storage conditions right. This is especially true for wine that cost a lot and might take some time before being bought or consumed in the restaurant.

Are commercial wine coolers a perfect addition to the shop?

Wine coolers are specialized equipment that can be a great addition to any business establishment that serves wine to their wine-cellar-coolerspatrons. There is an initial outlay but the returns are guaranteed, especially if the wines in stock are a hit and needs to be in stock. High end fine dining establishments that carry expensive wines also stand to gain from having their own wine coolers because no matter how long the wine sits in it, it will always arrive on the table in the perfect condition. Aside from storage, hotels and bars tend to display the wine cooler to encourage guests to consume wine with their meals.

People who may not own restaurants can benefit from having wine coolers for personal use, even with a refrigerator at home. Meat and other perishables may not be stored here, but that’s why there are refrigerators. However, there are some vegetables, fruits, and certain cheeses that can thrive in the controlled climate of the wine cooler. Check the best wine coolers on wine cooler lab.

Wine enthusiasts will invest in a good bottle or two and allow them to age until they’re consumed, sold, or given away in the future. Wine loving parents buy a bottle when their child is born and give it as a present on their 21st birthday. From the time the wine is bought until it is consumed or sold, the wine cooler is a perfect time capsule to hold on to wine.